A European Commission (EU)-funded report, “Campaign against Torture in India: Prevention, Accountability and Rehabilitation”, has regretted that, despite a sharp rise in deaths caused by torture, the Government of India has failed to frame a law on custodial torture and inhuman treatment, even though India is a signatory to the United Nations’ convention on torture.
The report, titled “India: Annual Report on Torture 2018”, published by the Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR), and is part of an EU programme, European Instrument for Human Rights and Democracy, which aims “to promote and support human rights and democracy worldwide”, comments, “As India refuses to criminalise torture, the increasing incidents of torture are no surprise”.
Deaths in police custody which mainly occur as a result of torture are rising in India. There is no letup in the number of custodial deaths in India. The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) received reports of 147 deaths in police custody during 2018. About a decade ago i.e. during 2009-2010, the NHRC had received reports of 124 deaths in police custody, indicating 19% increase of deaths in police custody. The NHRC further registered 525 cases of torture in police custody during 2018.…
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