Golwalkar Fascism

Indian Muslim Council, USA (IMC-USA)

‘Defending India’s freedom, democracy and pluralism’

IMC-USA Special Edition Digest – February 2006

Golwalkar and the rise of militant Hindu nationalism

Golwalkar and the rise of militant Hindu nationalism

Introduction – Who is Golwalkar?

Golwalkar’s views on Minorities

Golwalkar’s views on Muslims

Golwalkar and the Indian Independence Struggle

Golwalkar’s views on Social Issues

Golwalkar and Gandhiji’s assasination

Golwalkar and the Dalits / Caste System

Excerpts from Golwalkar’s ‘Bunch of Thoughts’

Golwalkar and the ‘Hindu Rashtra’

Excerpts from Golwalkar’s ‘We or Our Nationhood Defined’

Whitewashing Golwalkar – Centenary Celebrations

Recommended Reading

Web Links

Introduction – Who is Golwalkar?

Sanitising The Supremo – By Subhash Gatade (23 Feb 2006, Countercurrents)

RSS, the biggest ‘cultural’ organisation on the face of the earth has had five supremos ‘Sarsanghchalaks’ since its inception. Starting from founder member Hedgewar and leading upto KS Sudarshan the present incumbent, the interregnum was filled by Golwalkar, Deoras and Rajendra Singh. If one takes a synoptic view of each of these periods then one can definitely discern the definitive impact each of them has had on the organisation. Ofcourse none of them proved as controversial as the second incumbent namely Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar whose birth centenary is being celebrated by his followers this year…

Insiders to the organisation as well as many external wathchers agree to the fact that he could be considered the key figure who provided a theoretical background to the project of Hindutva and laid down the seeds of the vast organisational network. As of now the plethora of anushangik ( affiliated) organisations which owe allegiance to the ideology of Hindutva would run in hundreds, each catering to a section of society. Scholars as well as activists, who may posit themselves diametrically opposite vis-a-vis the weltanshauung of this Hindu Supremacist organisation , also need to study in detail the way an organisation which was on the margins of Indian society for a long time could reach the centrestage of Indian politics. One still remembers how RSS people were made a butt of jokes in popular culture in Maharashtra especially –Marathi dramas in late sixties-early seventies – mainly because of their remaining limited to Brahmins or their insistence on mechanical style discipline. It is true that this era in RSS history it is long passe…

As already mentioned the first of his theoretical contributions for the cause of Hindutva appeared in the form of a pamphlette called ‘We or Our Nationhood Defined’ ( 1938). It was so straightforward in its appreciation of the ‘ethnic cleansing’ of Jews undertaken by Hitler and such an unashamed proponent of the submergence of ‘foreign races’ in the Hindu race that later day RSS leaders have tried to create an impression that the said book was not written by Golwalkar but it was merely a translation of a book ‘Rashtra Meemansa’ by Babarao Savarkar. ..

A quote from the 77 paged book would be opportune at this moment.
“The foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must loose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment — not even citizen’s rights. There is, at least, should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation; let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races, who have chosen to live in our country”.
(Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar’s, We or Our Nationhood Defined)…

When attempts were made under the stewardship of Ambedkar and Nehru in late fourties to give limited rights to Hindu women in property and inheritance through the passage of the Hindu Code Bill , Golwalkar and his associates had no qualms in launching a movement opposing this historic empowerment of hindu women which was to take place for the first time in history. Their contention was simple : This step is inimical to Hindu traditions and culture.

One can go on innumerating instances to communicate the ideological limitations of the Golwalkarian project which acted as a hindrance to the building of modern India. It is clear to any impartial observer that, the way he tried to divide a wedge between the broad unity of the Indian people on the basis of religion , the way he lauded experiments in ethnic cleansing in Western Europe and the way he glorified Manusmriti till the end of his lfe, demonstrate that his project was essentially inimical to the cause of social harmony…

The feverish and foolish attempts undertaken by the Swayamsevaks to show that Golwalkar was not the author but basically the translator of the controversial book , the way in which they are engaged in presenting concocted proofs to show that they did participate in the independence movement (while their very own Golwalkar Guruji had the audacity to make a fun of the tremendous sacrifices made by the people in the anti colonial struggle) or the way they have dedicated the year long celebrations in his honour to the cause of ‘social harmony’ all goes to show their keenness to present the Second Supremo in a Sanitised form.

http://www.countercurrents.org/comm-gatade230206.htm

[Back to Top]

Our Forgettable Forefathers – It is up to us to unlearn Golwalkar’s lessons – By Githa Hariharan (4 Apr 2004, Telegraph)

We can’t help having the ancestors we have. But there is one good thing about growing up. We can use our judgment. We can make up our own minds about those stern black-and-white photographs lining our walls like a hallowed pantheon. We can use our adult sense of good and bad, right and wrong, to decide which of these worthies are significant for us in one way or the other. Several can be safely forgotten as inconsequential or irrelevant. More important is the shortlist of forefathers (and foremothers) we need to remember. Of these, some are memorable because their lives, though lived in the past, light our way in the present. Others we must never forget precisely because they were, and continue to be, a malignant influence. Dangerous, even in the form of their legacies…

As with our individual families, so with the nation’s extended family. Our India, like any of our little families, has its share of shining and not-so-shining ancestors. Both sets have descendants who keep them alive, suitably framed, garlanded and quoted. Learning from icons — the little family’s or the big family’s — is not such a bad thing. But not all of them taught the right lessons. Some ancestors, and their legacies, can help us only if we unlearn their beliefs and ideas.

Consider just one of these gurujis from our nation’s past, a man whose ideas inspire so many today: Madhav Sadhashiv Golwalkar. I recently came across a tattered, heavily underlined copy of Golwalkar’s book, We or Our Nationhood Defined, which was first published in 1939. The cover of the book was torn, and the photograph on the frontispiece looked up at me intently…

Perhaps the picture of Golwalkar is best brought to life through his own uncompromising words. Take, for example, these words from the science-teaching nationalist in We or Our Nationhood Defined: “To keep up the purity of the Race and its culture, Germany shocked the world by her purging the country of the semitic Races — the Jews. Race pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how well nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindusthan to learn and profit by.”

This means that our Habib Tanveers and Husains and Shabana Azmis and the millions of less-known others with “foreign” names belong to another culture, even another race. They will never be “assimilated” by “Hindusthan” although they know no world but India as we live it. “So long as they maintain their racial, religious and cultural differences, they cannot but be only foreigners, who may be either friendly or inimical to the Nation.” In other words, these “foreigners” are enemies till proven innocent by a jury made up of Golwalkar’s descendants…
Guruji’s lessons have been learnt well by those who are now at the gates. Perhaps these barbarians at the gate are “proud of being born in the great lineage of rishis and yogis”, just as Guruji would have liked. It’s up to the rest of us to dismantle Guruji’s legacy of nation-breaking lessons.

http://www.telegraphindia.com/1040404/asp/opinion/story_3066092.asp

[Back to Top]

Hitler, Hindutava And Its Allies – By Balram (12 Jan 2003, Countercurrents)

The world is burning. The violent dance of death is being played all around us. India is part of this whole scenery. The death tolls in places as far as J&K to Gujarat add inglorious colours to this grotesque picture. In different places this violence presents itself in different garbs. At some places its form is imperialist while it grows in the name of Islamic jihad elsewhere.

It’s clothed in saffron these days in India. This Hindutva terrorism in saffron robes which Gujarat has suffered and which is being sought to be spread in rest of India, is borne out of the same psycho-space where Jihadi terrorism takes roots. The political and historical reasons being proffered are nothing but auxiliary reasons. Basically both are the same. In the center of both is shallow egotism. On psychological plane both are in the same class. Both in their own ways give an organised and ideological form to separatism, fear, violence and animosity, which are all characteristics of the narrow egotism. But then this is a just a pseudo-veil in which the torchbearers of these ideologies hide their peculiar psycho types. Actually this whole process of hiding takes place at sub conscious level. Most of the time even people are not aware about this. Normally their recognition is based on their surfacial activities. This is what leads to BJP and the organisations allied to it being called ‘Hindu organisations’. As Dr Bipan Chander, the renowned historian says, “Communalism is not a set of specific policies such as the building of a temple at Ayodhya or the enactment of a uniform civil code. Communalism is basically an ideology, a belief system, a way of looking at society and polity.” (Dr. Bipan Chandra: The BJP’s Ideology)Hitler termed this, ‘Weltanschauung’…

Nearly seven decades earlier, the then Sarsanghchalak of RSS, M S Golwalkar, had declared ‘Weltanschauung’ of Hitler as his source of inspiration. His utterances in this regard are as relevant today: “To keep the purity of the race and its culture, Germany shocked up the world by her purging the country, of Semitic races – the Jews. Race pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how well -nigh impossible it is for races and cultures, having differences going to root to be assimilated to one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindusthan to learn and profit by.” (MS Golwalkar: ‘We or Our Nation Defined’ P.35/43) Sixty years later, Hitler’s ‘Mien Kempf’ continues to be the source of inspiration of followers of Golwalkar.

Few excerpts from the autobiography of the Nazi would illustrate the parallels being played out by them: “First condition that has to be fulfilled in every kind of propaganda, namely, a systemically, a one sided attitude towards every problem that has to be dealt with… propaganda must not investigate the truth objectively, in so far as it is favourable to its side… as soon as our own propaganda made the slightest suggestion that the enemy had a certain amount of justice on his side, then we laid down the basic on which the justice of our own cause could be questioned.” (Mein Kempf P.158/159)

The propaganda of Sangh Parivar, since it inception revolves around these guiding points. That’s why Advani began his Rath Yatra from Somnath. Modi’s assembly elections campaign in Gujrat is the most glaring and recent example of this. The unfortunate and dangerous aspect of all this is that they seek to bring down the level of education also to mere propaganda. Whether it is history or science, they use all to glorify their ego, which they try to project as glorification of Hindu culture and race. This is not all. To force others to do so is an incontrovertible evidence of their Hitlerian philosophy. “… the foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e. of the Hindu nation and must lose their separate existence to merge into the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu nation, claiming nothing…….not even citizen’s rights.” (MS Golwalkar -ibid- P.47-48, 55-56)

http://www.countercurrents.org/comm-balram011203.htm

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar: the brain of RSS – By Kashif Hoda (26 Feb 2006, Milli Gazette)

RSS is planning to celebrate birth centenary of the second RSS chief Madhavrao Sadashivrao Golwalkar. While K. B. Hedgewar is responsible for setting up RSS and the initial leadership, it was the genius of Golwalkar that firmly established RSS in the Indian political scene. It was he who developed most of the strategies that are still in use by RSS. He gave RSS the vision that still inspires its cadre. Therefore to understand RSS it is important to understand Golwalkar and his teachings…

During Hedgewar’s final days, when he was too sick to travel, it was Golwalkar who took care of business associated with RSS, and took complete charge of the organization. Therefore, it is not surprising that in 1940, bypassing some senior leaders who were with RSS since the beginning, Golwalkar was made head of RSS.

Golwalkar is the longest serving chief of RSS and also may be the most successful in terms of increasing membership and establishing shakhas. Hedgewar left RSS with about 50 shakhas and 100,000 members and when Golwalkar died he had expanded its reach to 10,000 shakhas and membership running above a million.

http://www.milligazette.com/dailyupdate/2006/20060226_Golwalkar_RSS.htm

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar’s views on Minorities

Golwalkar & social harmony – By Subash Gatade (21 Feb 2006, Central Chronicle)

…The first of his theoretical contributions for the cause of Hindutva had appeared in the form of a pamphlet called ‘We or Our Nationhood Defined’ (1938) which was so straightforward in his appreciation of the ‘ethnic cleansing’ of Jews undertaken by Hitler and such an unashamed proponent of the submergence of ‘foreign races’ in the Hindu race that later day RSS leaders have tried to create an impression that the said book was not written by Golwalkar but it was merely a translation of a book ‘Rashtra Meemansa’ by Babarao Savarkar…

“The foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must loose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment – not even citizen’s rights. There is, at least, should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation; let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races, who have chosen to live in our country”…

A third arena where Golwalkar proved much behind his times was his love for Manusmriti’s edicts. When leaders of newly independent India were struggling to have a constitution which was premised on the inviolability of individual rights with special provisions of positive discrimination for millions of Indians who had been denied any human rights quoting religious scriptures, it was Golwalkar again who espoused the same Manusmriti as independent India’s constitution.When attempts were made under the stewardship of Ambedkar and Nehru in late fourties through the passage of the Hindu Code Bill to give rights to Hindu women in property and inheritance, Golwalkar and his associates had no qualms in launching a movement to stop this historic empowerment of women which was to take place for the first time in history. Their contention was simple : This step is inimical to Hindu traditions and culture…

It is clear to any impartial observer that, the way he tried to divide a wedge between the broad unity of the Indian people on the basis of religion, the way he lauded experiments in ethnic cleansing in Western Europe and the way he glorified Manusmriti till the end of his lfe, demonstrate that his project was essentially inimical to the cause of social harmony.

Definitely nobody can challenge the prerogative of his followers to project him as a protogonist of the same cause. They are at liberty to portray him in a manner which suits them. But it would rather vindicate his critics contention that his own followers are finding themselves in a double bind over his legacy. On the one hand they are claiming lineage from him , but simultaneously they are also engaged in surreptiously sanitising him and presenting him before the guillible public under a more acceptable, humane face.

http://www.centralchronicle.com/20060221/2102302.htm

[Back to Top]

A march towards fascism – By Sitaram Yechuri (28 Dec 2002, The Hindu)

…In fact, the RSS vision was articulated even before its formation by V.D. Savarkar in 1923 in the pamphlet, “Hindutva: Who is a Hindu?”. The RSS was founded in 1925. In his Presidential Address to the Hindu Mahasabha on December 30, 1937, Savarkar said: “There are two nations in the main: the Hindus and the Moslems in India”. Mohammad Ali Jinnah propounded his two-nation theory in 1939. In this very year, the then RSS chief, M.S. Golwalkar, chillingly articulated the fascistic character of the “Hindu Rashtra” in his treatise, “We, Or Our Nationhood Defined”.

Having declared that all others except Hindus are foreign elements, Golwalkar proceeds to state: “there are only two courses open to the foreign elements, either to merge themselves in the national race and adopt its culture, or to live at its mercy so long as the national race may allow them to do so and to quit the country at the sweet will of the national race… There is, at least should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation; let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races, who have chosen to live in our country.”…

Hindu communal fanaticism claimed the life of Mahatma Gandhi when, after Partition, the Congress continued to adhere to its vision of the Indian republic. All through these years, however, these communal forces remained active waiting for an opportunity to advance their objective. The recent events in the country resoundingly vindicate this…

Finally, it needs to be underlined that Savarkar coined the term “Hindutva” as a political slogan. He, in fact, states: “Here, it is enough to point out that Hindutva is not identical with what is vaguely indicated by the term Hinduism.”

In this context, it is necessary to remind ourselves once again that it was a majority of Indians, a majority of whom belong to the Hindu fold, that rejected the RSS vision of a “Hindu Rashtra” and embraced the secular, democratic, republican Constitution. It is only such a frontal, secular confrontation that can now stop this communal juggernaut from seeking to metamorphose secular, democratic India into a fascistic “Hindu Rashtra”.

http://www.thehindu.com/2002/12/28/stories/2002122800361000.htm

[Back to Top]

Is RSS A Terrorist Organization? – By Ram Puniyani (2 Jun 2005, Countercurrents)

Terrorism has been witnessed as a horrific phenomenon, more so in the current times. What is terrorism itself is a matter of debate at one level and at another the definition of terrorism changes from person to person, group to group and country to country.

One does not know as to what criterion the US based Terrorism Research Center, the US think tank on this issue, has used but it has gone on to label RSS, the patriarch of Hindutva organizations, BJP, VHP, Bajarang dal etc., as a terrorist outfit. RSS shares this category with other organizations defamed in different parts of the World as terrorists like Al Qaeda, Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, Hamas etc. Sangh’s (RSS progeny) own definition and understanding of terrorists has been summed up by RSS pracharak (propagator) and current Gujarat Chief Minister, Narendra Modi in the sentence, “All Muslims are not terrorists, but all terrorists are Muslims!” How come a Muslim baiter organization itself has been so labeled!…

The venom of hate is tailor made for each community. Muslims are equated to yavan snakes. Prof Bipan Chandra narrates his experience in listening to the shakha training. While on a morning walk he overheard the young boys attending the shakha being told that Muslims are like snakes. It is easier to kill a young snake rather than the grown up one. The message of this ‘intellectual’ exercise is too clear. The inspiration and methods of Hate are picked up from the Nazi Germany. RSS ideologue Golwalkar articulated it, ” German race pride has now become topic of the day. To keep up the purity of nation and its culture, Germany shocked the world by her purging the country of Semitic races-the Jews. National pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how well-neigh impossible it is for races and cultures having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindustan to learn and profit by.” (M.S. Golwalkar, We or Our Nationhood defined, Nagpur 1938 p.27).

One wondered whether RSS really means it. But to one’s utter shock one was told by a senior RSS ideologue that if a person of the stature of Gandhi could not solve the ‘Muslim problem’, what can the present small genre of pseudo secularists achieve! As per him (and apparently as per RSS) there is a single solution to this problem, what one knows as the “Final Solution”! This hate ideology, which is drilled in the heads of young recruits is the base on which the foundation of communal violence comes up. The RSS ideology’s outcome first got manifested in Godse’s murdering of Gandhi. Of course RSS never owned the fact that Godse was trained by RSS and was RSS pracharak before he decided to join Hindu Mahasabha. His brother Gopal Godse maintained in different interviews that they (his brother Nathuram and he himself) had never left RSS. Most of the inquiry commission reports on the communal violence (Justice Reddy, Vithayathil, Venugopal, Madon and others) have shown irrefutably that their has been a role of some organization affiliated to or floated by a pracharak of RSS, which has played crucial role in the violence…

RSS training is on twin tracks. One is the physical one, games and all that. The second is the bauddhik one. It is the latter which motivates its progeny to incite people to take up arms and kill the ‘other’, the ‘enemy’ in the ruthless fashion. The anatomy of a riot, violence, is very interesting and complex both at the same time. How the average dalit, adivasi, worker with empty stomach and non existent future is mobilized as the foot soldier of RSS agenda, is something social scientists have to explain. RSS pracharak may be at the same time sitting and giving a quiet discourse on Hindu values, Hindu rashtra while RSS ideology will grip the section of population to unleash violence, to kill the innocents. It does achieve the political goal of consolidation of section of Hindus behind RSS; it does make them come back to power or strengthen its power. The definition with which we began was killing of innocents for power or political agenda is terrorism. And that’s precisely what RSS work does.

http://www.countercurrents.org/comm-puniyani020605.htm

[Back to Top]

Why Hindu Rashtra? – By M.S. Golwalkar

‘Unfortunately in our country our Constitution has equated the children of the soil with the aggressor, and given equal rights to everybody, just as a person without understanding may give equal rights to his children and to the thieves in his house and distribute the property among all.’

Pamphlet authored by Golwalkar

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar and his message – By Abdullah (24 Feb 2006)

Golwalkar… worked with one motto to “Hinduise all politics & Militarize Hinduism”… Under his leadership, the RSS grew. He saw the resurgence of the “Hindu movement” in India. A number of RSS affiliates, such as the Vidyarthi Parishad, the Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad and the Bharatiya Vanavasi Kalyan Ashram, came into existence. After Gandhi’s assassination by former Sangh worker, Golwalkar was arrested and the organization was banned.

Minority hate is the only message we get from his book, which is regarded as ‘RSS Bible’…
“So brutally candid is We or Our Nationhood Defined that a desperate attempt was made by the RSS to distance itself from it – the RSS claimed that the book was merely an English translation of the Marathi work Rashtra Meemansa by Babarao GD Savarkar, brother of VD Savarkar. However, in his Preface to We or Our Nationhood Defined dated March 22, 1939, Golwalkar described Rashtra Meemansa as ‘one of my chief sources of inspiration and help. An English translation of this is due to be shortly out (sic),” writes AG Noorani in The RSS and the BJP: A Division of Labour…
Golwalkar has left none in doubt about his treatment to Muslims, Christians and Sikhs.

http://www.imc-usa.org/articles/2006/golwalkar.message.htm

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar’s views on Muslims

The Hate Minorities Message of The ‘RSS Bible’ (25 Feb 2006, Communalism Combat)

“The foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must loose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment — not even citizen’s rights. There is, at least, should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation; let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races, who have chosen to live in our country”.
— Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar’s, We or Our Nationhood Defined…

So brutally candid is We or Our Nationhood Defined that a desperate attempt was made by the RSS to distance itself from it – the RSS claimed that the book was merely an English translation of the Marathi work Rashtra Meemansa by Babarao G.D. Savarkar, brother of V. D. Savarkar. However, in his Preface to We or Our Nationhood Defined dated March 22, 1939, Golwalkar described Rashtra Meemansa as ‘one of my chief sources of inspiration and help…

Sample these extracts from We:

‘Ever since that evil day, when Moslems first landed in Hindusthan, right up to the present moment, the Hindu Nation has been gallantly fighting on to shake off the despoilers. … The Race Spirit has been awakening.’

Referring to the secular nationalism of Gandhi and others, Golwalkar asserted that ‘Effort was made to put the race on the wrong track’ by propagating the concept of territorial nationalism. He went on to say:

The idea was spread that for the first time the people were going to live a National life, the Nation in the land naturally was composed of all those who happened to reside therein and that all these people were to unite on a common ‘National’ platform and win back ‘freedom’ by ‘Constitutional means’. Wrong notions of democracy strengthened the view and we began to class ourselves with our old invaders and foes under the outlandish name – Indian – and tried to win them over to join hands with us in our struggle. The result of this poison is too well known. We have allowed ourselves to be duped into believing our foes to be our friends and with our hands are undermining true Nationality…

What of the non-Hindus?

All those not belonging to the national, i.e. Hindu race, Religion, Culture and Language, naturally fall out of the pale of real ‘National’ life. We repeat: in Hindusthan, the land of the Hindus, lives and should live the Hindu Nation – satisfying all the five essential requirements of the scientific nation concept of the modern world. Consequently only those movements are truly ‘National’ as aim at re-building, revitalizing and emancipating from its present stupor, the Hindu Nation. Those only are nationalist patriots, who, with the aspiration to glorify the Hindu race and Nation next to their heart, are prompted into activity and strive to achieve that goal. All others are either traitors and enemies to the National cause, or, to take a charitable view, idiots.

The ‘idiots’ can be cured, though:

The foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must loose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment — not even citizen’s rights. There is, at least, should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation; let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races, who have chosen to live in our country.

http://www.sabrang.com/gujarat/rssbible.htm

[Back to Top]

Semiotics of Terror : Muslim Children and Women in Hindu Rashtra – By Tanika Sarkar (13 Jul 2002, Economic and Political Weekly)

A serious inadequacy plagues our known vocabularies of horror. Words like communal violence or carnage or massacre have been overused to describe far too many situations whose horror is minimal, even relatively ‘innocent’, compared to the last four months in Gujarat. The problem is that we naturalise, domesticate, make somewhat bearable and comfortable, Gujarat events when we stretch old words to cover radically new meanings. What is at issue in Gujarat is not simply a recurrence of the perennial communal tension, but a fundamental political transformation: the installation of Hindu Rashtra – the dream of V D Savarkar, the vision of a nearly 80 year-old Sangh. It has been inaugurated with the rituals and rites and sacrifices appropriate to itself. Bystanders and survivors during the days of maximal violence were struck by the festive, carnivalesque aspect of rampaging mobs. Indeed, one such mob looked like a ‘barat’, a wedding band, to unsuspecting Muslims on the fateful morning of February 28…

The facts of Gujarat violence are well known. I will try to locate a few patterns and trends within this violence. My main contention is, it is not the collapse of the state machinery that we are looking at, but the penetration of state and grass roots institutions – from police to hospitals – by the Sangh parivar. When talking of Gujarat events, it is very common to use terms like the failure of the Modi government, the weakness of the state, or the limits of the BJP-led coalition at the centre. I would strongly insist that, on the contrary, the Modi government as well as the Sangh as a whole, have been spectacularly successful in their agenda. What is happening in Gujarat is not a mark of weakness or inadequacy but a sign of the strength of the Sangh parivar, its firmness of resolve, its ideological consistency. This is the first time in our history that a state is headed by a RSS ‘pracharak’. The state governor, S S Bhandari, is a leading light of the Sangh, while the central government has as its prime minister and home minister, two very senior and experienced Sangh leaders. Vajpayee chose to remind us of his basic allegiance in the middle of the carnage during the Goa Conference: “The Sangh is my soul”. Gujarat’s Lokayukta, its chairman of the state public service commission, the vice-chancellor of the Gujarat University, are all old RSS hands. So is Arun Oza, the senior government pleader at the Ahmedabad High Court. Narendra Modi freely used the services of the state radio or Akashvani to put forward his views, and the vernacular press, especially Sandesh and the Gujarat Samachar, manufactured stories of Muslim violence and freely circulated them.

K G Shah, who leads the judicial commission to enquire into Gujarat events, is well known for his Hindutva leanings and his anti-Muslim judgments during TADA trials. Among senior police officials, Sangh links abound. V B Rawal, inspector, Crime Branch, was a ‘karsevak’ at the time of the demolition of the Babri masjid and he proudly displays a photograph to prove his contribution to the cause. DCPs R D Makadia and D G Patel, are close to the VHP general secretary Pravin Togadia, while DCP Parghi is an intimate associate of Haren Pandya, the state home minister, and accused by many of inciting the violence and actively assisting it. We may remind ourselves here that at the time of his election, Pandya had promised to “wipe out any trace of Muslims of Paldi”, Paldi being his constituency, and a site of great violence in recent months. In 1999, Mahen Trivedi, minister of state for home, publicly declared at a police function, “We told you that we don’t want Muslims in controlling posts.” Gujarat, incidentally has only 65 senior Muslim police officers, none of them at present in active field service…

If the conceptual apparatus is simple, crude, monochromatic and one-dimensional, the organisational and communicational apparatus is singularly protean, pluralised, innovative, hegemonic. The RSS shakhas have ideological and combat training schedules on a daily basis. The training is a blend of physical exercises, martial arts training, speeches and tales, songs and theatre, games and organised sports. Each effort replicates the same message and sense of purpose in a different medium. They also run schools, leisure centres, cultural organisations, welfare societies, tribal and slum-level educational projects, audio and video stations. They control temple networks, associations of priests and sadhus. They, of course, rule over states.

The cadres and all members of their various mass fronts are taught this message as history, as religion and as nationalism. Two facts stand out within this ideological formation. One is that both religion and nationalism are being recast as a crusade against Christians and Muslims. At the same time, religion and nation are fused into a single entity whose lifeblood is vindictiveness for alleged past wrongs committed by Muslim rulers. The second is that Hindu unity is based on its antagonism against other Indian religions, which would overrule any engagement with power relations and social abuses of class, caste and gender within the Hindu community. In fact, even a reference to such problems is described as divisive of both religion and nation. The second ‘sarsanghchalak’ and ideological guru of the Sangh, Guruji Golwalkar, was quite frank in his denunciations of democracy, low castes and labour agitations. These open statements, however, became covert and muted once independent India adopted a Constitution based on universal franchise and the electoral wing of the RSS needed to broaden its constituency. The new tactic was, therefore, to silence discourses on rights, equality and social justice by promoting a militant Hindutva and a militaristic nationalism in its place. Savarkar was a staunch supporter of nuclearising of India. The Sangh works among exploited social groups to Hinduise and communalise them, it does not tolerate work for social justice…

One of the most spectacular forms of sadism in the recent events had been the way Muslim female and infantile bodies were made to function in the drama of Hindutva terror. There had been earlier anticipations of that. The investigations made by the AIDWA in 1992-93, especially in Surat and Bhopal, had pointed out several similar features. Women were “tortured, molested, raped, and then burnt to death”. Sometimes, their children were killed before their eyes. At the same time, more often than not, such atrocities were whispered about and not always confirmed openly. This time, rape victims as well as their male relatives have no inhibition about reporting rape and sexual torture . The police, however, do not admit FIRs on rape, a senior officer claims that mobs have no time for raping, and that Hindus, moreover, do not rape. Fernandes, on the other hand, says that rape is so universally prevalent that Gujarat rapes are not worth talking about. So, either it has not happened, or it happens universally; in either case, it cannot or need not be mentioned.

Women have been killed in very large numbers. At the mass grave that was dug on March 6 to provide burial to 96 bodies from Naroda Patiya, 46 women were buried. Bilkees Beghum from the Godhra relief camp told a tale that seemed to confirm a recurrent pattern in most places, according to survivors’ accounts. She was stripped, gang-raped, her baby was killed before her, she was then beaten up, then burnt and left for dead. For variety’s sake, other women also had acid thrown upon them, and then burnt in fires. A womens’ fact-finding report sums up the usual procedure: “..rape, gang rape, mass rape, stripping, insertion of objects into their body, molestation… a majority of rape victims were burnt alive.” Before they were finally killed, some were beaten up with rods and pipes for almost an hour. Before or after the killing, their vagina would be sliced, or would have iron rods pushed inside. Similarly, their bellies would be cut open or would have hard objects inserted into them. A 13-year old girl, Farzana, had a rod pushed into her stomach, and was then burnt. A mother reported that her three-year old baby girl was raped and killed in front of her, while elsewhere daughters reported on the rapes of their mothers, now dead. Kausar Bano, a young girl from Naroda Patiya, was several months pregnant. Several eyewitnesses testified that she was raped, tortured, her womb was slit open with a sword to disgorge the foetus which was then hacked to pieces and roasted alive with the mother.

http://www.epw.org.in/showArticles.php?root=2002&leaf=07&filename=4678&filetype=html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

The Sangh’s bloody trail (Aug 2004, Communalism Combat)

Hindu communal organisations have always maintained that it is always the Muslims who start riots, forcing “justifiable retaliatory acts by Hindus in self-defence”. But virtually every single officially appointed judicial commission to probe into the cause of riots in different parts of the country has found the RSS and other majoritarian communal outfits guilty. We reproduce some excerpts below:

Report of the Justice DP Madon Commission of Inquiry into the Communal Disturbances at Bhiwandi, Jalgaon and Mahad of 1970:

“If the events surrounding the Shiv Jayanti procession in Bhiwandi, Jalgaon and Mahad are looked at more closely, the start of the riot was not with the simplistic reaction of the procession being attacked by a group of Muslims. Tension did not begin with the Shiv Jayanti celebrations of that year but began in 1964, the first year that the practice of publicly celebrating Shiv Jayanti had been started and had seen an annual build up in tensions since…

In his report to his superiors, the SP, Thane district has stated, “I found that a section of Hindu elements, particularly the RSS and some PSP men, were bent upon creating mischief. Their idea in accompanying the procession was not so much to pay respects to the Great Shivaji but to establish their right and, if possible, to provoke and humiliate Muslims.”

Report of the Commission of Inquiry, Tellicherry Disturbance, 1971, Justice Joseph Vithyathil:

“In Tellicherry the Hindus and Muslims were living as brothers for centuries. The ‘Mopla riots’ did not affect the cordial relationship that existed between the two communities in Tellicherry. It was only after the RSS and the Jana Sangh set up their units and began activities in Tellicherry that there came a change in the situation. Their anti-Muslim propaganda, its reaction on the Muslims who rallied round their communal organisation, the Muslim League, which championed their cause, and the communal tension that followed prepared the background for their disturbances.

According to the RSS, until the Muslims give up their separatist attitude and join the mainstream of Indian National Life there will be no communal harmony in this country. Guruji Golwalkar is said to have a very simple remedy for communal riots in India. He said: “Let Muslims look upon Rama as their hero and the communal problems will be over” (Organiser, June 20, 1971). That is what the rioters who attacked the house of Kunhammad asked him to do. “If you want to save your life you should go round the house three times repeating the words ‘Rama, Rama’. Kunhammad did that. But you cannot expect the 70 million Muslims of India to do that as a condition for maintaining communal harmony in the country. This attitude of the RSS can only help to compel the Muslims to take shelter under their own communal organisation.”

Justice Venugopal Commission of Inquiry into the Kanyakumari riots of 1982 (prolonged confrontation between Hindus and Christians):

“The RSS adopts a militant and aggressive attitude and sets itself up as the champion of what it considers to be the rights of Hindus against minorities. It has taken upon itself to teach the minorities their place and if they are not willing to learn their place to teach them a lesson. The RSS methodology for provoking communal violence is:

a) rousing communal feelings in the majority community by the propaganda that Christians are not loyal citizens of this country;

b) deepening the fear in the majority community by clever propaganda that the population of the minorities is increasing and that of the Hindus is decreasing;

http://www.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2004/aug04/cover10.html

[Back to Top]

Hey Ram! – By R K Anand (Aug 2004, Communalism Combat)

RSS activists have been involved in riots in various parts of the country

a) Rajeshwar Dayal, an IAS officer who was home secretary in the year 1948 wrote a book titled, A Life Of Our times. At pages 93 and 94, the book mentions serious allegations against the RSS and their involvement in riots in the year 1948:
“I must record an episode of a very grave nature when the procrastination and indecision of the UP cabinet led to dire consequences. When communal tension was still at fever–pitch, the deputy inspector–general of police of the Western Range, a very seasoned and capable officer, BBL Jaitley, arrived at my house in great secrecy. He was accompanied by two of his officers who brought with them two large steel trunks securely locked. When the trunks were opened, they revealed incontrovertible evidence of a dastardly conspiracy to create a communal holocaust throughout the western districts of the province. The trunks were crammed with blueprints of great accuracy and professionalism of every town and village in that vast area, prominently marking out the Muslim localities and habitations. There were also detailed instructions regarding access to the various locations, and other matters which amply revealed their sinister purport.

“Greatly alarmed by those revelations, I immediately took the police party to the Premier’s House. There, in a closed room, Jaitley gave a full report of his discovery, backed by all the evidence contained in the steel trunks. Timely raids conducted on the premises of the RSS (Rashtriya Swayam Sevak Sangh) had brought the massive conspiracy to light. The whole plot had been concerted under the direction and supervision of the Supremo of the organisation himself. Both Jaitley and I pressed for the immediate arrest of the prime accused, Shri Golwalkar, who was still in the area…

“Golwalkar, however, had been tipped off and he was nowhere to be found in the area. He was tracked down southwards but he managed to elude the couriers in pursuit. This infructuous chase continued from place to place and weeks passed.

http://www.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2004/aug04/cover.html

[Back to Top]

Resurrecting Godse: The Hindutva continuum – By Arvind Rajagopal (Aug 2004, Communalism Combat)

…If you turn to MS Golwalkar, the RSS leader, the confirmation of a continuity with Godse’s views is even more emphatic: “When we say ‘This is the Hindu Nation,’ there are some who immediately come up with the question, ‘What about the Muslims and Christians…?’ They are born in this land, no doubt. But are they true to their salt? … Do they feel a duty to serve her? No!… They look to some foreign lands as their holy places… They have cut off their ancestral moorings of this land (sic) and mentally merged themselves with the aggressors. They still think that they have come here only to conquer and establish their kingdoms. So we see that it is not merely a case of change of faith, but a change even in national identity. What else is it, if not treason, to join the camp of the enemy leaving their mother-nation in the lurch?” (Bunch of Thoughts, pp. 166-167).

Every Muslim, for Golwalkar as for Godse, is a foreign agent with little to do but engage in anti-national activities, usually of a violent kind: “…The Muslims are busy hatching a dangerous plot, piling up arms and mobilising their men and probably biding their time to strike from within when Pakistan decides upon an armed conflict with our country… Not that our leaders do not know it. The secret intelligence reports reach them all right. But it seems they have in view only elections. Elections means vote catching, which means appeasing certain sections… And the Muslims are one such solid bloc. Therein lies the root of all this appeasement and consequent disastrous effects.” (Bunch of Thoughts, pp. 239-240)…

The true Hindu patriot has two enemies: the Muslim and the “secular” (nowadays pseudo-secular) government. The Muslim’s danger is well known and unambivalent, whereas that of the secularists is much less so. Parading itself as tolerant and pluralistic, the secular government is actually calculating and selfish, and will lead the nation to disaster. Only in Hindutva is such narrow selfishness overcome, as individual identity merges with the nation. In these ideas, Godse and the RSS “guru”, Golwalkar, are unanimous.

http://www.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2004/aug04/cover5.html

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar and the Indian Independence Struggle

India’s freedom struggle & the RSS – By Shamsul Islam (16-30 April 2004 , Milli Gazette)

…Golwalkar as an ideologue of the RSS himself admitted that his outfit kept aloof from the freedom struggle. “There is another reason for the need of always remaining involved in routine work. There is some unrest in the mind due to the situation developing in the country from time to time. There was such unrest in 1942. Before that there was the movement in 1930-31. At that time many other people had gone to Doctorji [Hedgewar].

This ‘delegation’ requested Doctorji that this movement will give independence and Sangh should not lag behind. At that time, when a gentleman told Doctorji that he was ready to go to jail, Doctorji said, ‘Definitely go. But who will take care of your family then? That gentleman told-‘he has sufficiently arranged resources not only to run the family expenses for two years but also to pay fines according to the requirements’. Then Doctorji said to him — ‘if you have fully arranged for the resources then come out to work for the Sangh for two years’. After returning home that gentleman neither went to jail nor came out to work for the Sangh.” This incident clearly shows that the RSS leadership was bent upon demoralising honest patriotic persons to run away from the struggle of the Freedom Movement…

At the time of the Quit India Movement Golwalkar echoing the thought of British masters stated: “There are bad results of struggle. The boys became militant after the 1920-21 movement. It is not an attempt to throw mud at the leaders. But these are inevitable products after the struggle. The matter is that we could not properly control these results. After 1942, people often started thinking that there was no need to think of the law.” There was great resentment amongst the RSS cadres against this indifferent attitude of the RSS leadership towards the Quit India Movement which is thus described without any remorse by Golwalkar. “In 1942 also there was a strong sentiment in the hearts of many. At that time too the routine work of Sangh continued. Sangh decided not to do anything directly. But swayamsevaks of Sangh were greatly puzzled. Sangh is the organization of inactive people, their talks have no substance was the opinion uttered not only by outsiders but also our own swayamsevaks. They were terribly angry also.” However, there is not a single publication or document of the Sangh which could throw some light on the great work the RSS did indirectly for the Quit India Movement.

During the forties also the RSS aggressively campaigned for Hindu Rashtra, but stayed aloof from the anti-British struggle. Golwalkar in fact made it clear that the variety of nationalism which the RSS espoused had no anti-British or anti-imperialist content whatsoever as we have seen above. The RSS thus can be seen as having played an extremely dubious role throughout the freedom struggle. All evidence points towards its disruptiveness and the fact that the organization and its leadership was not a part of the freedom struggle. The single most important ‘contribution’ of the RSS was to consistently disrupt the unified struggle of the Indian people against British imperialism through its extreme exclusivist slogan of Hindu Rashtra…

Here is a passage from Bunch Of Thoughts [collection of the writings/speeches of Golwalkar published by the RSS which is treated as Geeta by its cadres]decrying the whole tradition of martyrs: “There is no doubt that such men who embrace martyrdom are great heroes and their philosophy too is pre-eminently manly. They are far above the average men who meekly submit to fate and remain in fear and inaction. All the same, such persons are not held up as ideals in our society. We have not looked upon their martyrdom as the highest point of greatness to which men should aspire. For, after all, they failed in achieving their ideal, and failure implies some fatal flaw in them.” Could there be a statement more insulting and denigrating to the martyrs than this?

In all fairness to Guru Golwalkar, he did not claim that the RSS had been opposed to the British. During the course of a speech at Indore in 1960 he said, “Many people worked with the inspiration to free the country by throwing the British out. After formal departure of the British this inspiration slackened. In fact there was no need to have this much inspiration. We should remember that in our pledge we have talked of the freedom of the country through defending religion and culture. There is no mention of departure of the British in that.”

The RSS was not even willing to regard colonial domination as an injustice. In a speech of June 8, 1942, Golwalkar declared: “Sangh does not want to blame anybody else for the present degraded state of the society. When the people start blaming others, then there is weakness in them. It is futile to blame the strong for the injustice done to the weak… Sangh does not want to waste its invaluable time in abusing or criticizing others. If we know that large fish eat the smaller ones, it is outright madness to blame the big fish. Law of nature whether good or bad is true all the time. This rule does not change by terming it unjust.”

http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/2004/16-30Apr04-Print-Edition/1604200425.htm

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

The Anglo RSS Nexus – By Akhilesh Mithal (21 Sep 2003, Asian Age)

Hard evidence of the nexus between the British government of India and the RSS. (Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh) is available in A Life of Our Times, the memoirs of Rajeshwar Dayal, ICS published by Orient Longman in 1998. The RSS was supplied detailed maps of towns and villages to enable them to attack Muslims.

Dayal says: “At a cocktail party, in early 1946, the Chief Secretary told me, almost casually that I would be the next Home Secretary of the U.P. I happened to be the first Indian officer named to the post which had hitherto apparently been reserved for British officers.”(Page 77)…

Dayal took the incriminating evidence to the Chief Minister Gobind Ballabh Pant “There, in a closed room, Jaitley gave a full report of his discovery backed by all the evidence contained in the steel trunks.

Timely raids conducted on the premises of the RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh) had brought the massive conspiracy to light. The whole plot had been concerted under the direction and supervision of the Supremo of the organisation himself.

Both Jaitley and myself pressed for the immediate arrest of the prime accused Shri Golwalkar, who was still in the area.”…

Pant decided to put the matter before his cabinet. There were RSS sympathisers in the Congress and the presiding officer of the Legislative council, Atma Govind Kher was a sympathiser and his sons were known to be members of the RSS.

The action taken was not arrest but a letter to Golwalkar stating the evidence and asking for an explanation. As could be expected Golwalkar slipped away and managed to elude the couriers. “This infructuous chase continued from place to place and weeks passed.”…

These maps could have originated only in the British Surveyor General’s office. The British administration was known for the passionate zeal with which they guarded maps. That these were made available to the RSS is evidence of the link. That collaborators of the Anglo-Americans are in power all over the world and not only in India, is borne out by a message received from Denmark.

http://www.countercurrents.org/comm-mithal210903.htm

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Golden gloss on khaki knickers – By Ram Puniyani (15 Dec 2000, Milli Gazette)

Attitude of RSS towards the movement for freedom struggle becomes clearer in the writings of M.S. Golwalkar, the Second Supremo. (Shri Guruji Samgra Darshan, Vol. IV, p. 39-40). Golwalkar points out that RSS volunteers should not participate in the struggle, he approvingly quotes his mentor Dr. Hedgewar here, stating that going to jail will disturb the family life and will also cause disruption in the routine activities of RSS. He goes on to state (p.41), ‘In 1942 also there was a strong sentiment in the hearts of many at that time too but the routine work of Sangh continued. Sangh did not do anything directly.’ Bhishikar’s book also makes it clear that Hedgewar did not comment anything against British rule. This non-participation was even ideologically formulated by MS Golwalkar, as per whom fighting against British is reactionary and he accused the Congress for reducing the national struggle to ‘mere’ anti-British movement.

Golwalkar writes, ‘Being anti British was equated with patriotism and nationalism. This reactionary view had disastrous effect upon the entire course of the independence struggle, its leaders and the common people’ (Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts 1939). ‘Golwalkar believed that the British not be given any excuse to ban the RSS. On April 29, 1943 Golwalkar distributed a circular that ‘We discontinue practice included in the governments order on military drill and uniforms to keep our work clearly within bounds of law, as every law abiding institution should’…’ (Quoted in A G Noorani, Frontline, 1 Dec. 1995). Obviously, with this ideological formulation the Sangh Parivar did not and could not fight against the British…

In the wake of 1946 riots, a member of Gandhi’s entourage had praised the efficiency, discipline, courage and capacity for hard work shown by RSS cadres at Wagah, a major transit camp for Punjab refugees. ‘But don’t forget’, answered Gandhiji, even so had Hitler’s Nazis and the Fascists under Mussolini.’ He went on to characterize the RSS as a ‘communal body with a totalitarian outlook’. (Pyarelal, Mahatma Gandhi: The Last Phase, Ahmadabad, p 440).

http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/15-12-2000/Art6.htm

[Back to Top]

Hey Ram! – By R K Anand (Aug 2004, Communalism Combat)

RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha opposed the Quit India Movement

“The question is how to combat this movement (Quit India) in Bengal? The administration of the province should be carried on in such a manner that inspite of the best efforts of the Congress, this movement will fail to take root in the province. It should be possible for us, especially responsible ministers, to be able to tell the public that the freedom for which the Congress has started the movement, already belongs to the representatives of the people. In some spheres, it might be limited during the emergency. Indians have to trust the British, not for the sake of Britain, not for any advantage that the British might gain, but for the maintenance of the defence and freedom of the province itself. You, as governor, will function as the constitutional head of the province and will be guided entirely on the advice of your ministers.”

http://www.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2004/aug04/cover.html

[Back to Top]

The RSS and the Freedom Struggle (Aug 2004, Communalism Combat)

The RSS kept totally aloof from the many anti-British movements of the 1940s: the individual Civil Disobedience of 1940-41, the Quit India struggle of 1942, Azad Hind Fauj, the 1945-46 upsurges around the INA trials and the Bombay Naval Mutiny…

The communal holocaust of 1946-47, ushered in by Jinnah’s call for direct action and the Great Calcutta Killings of August 1946, was regarded as its `finest hour’ by the RSS.

Through active participation in riots, relief work in Hindu refugee camps and virulent propaganda, the RSS contributed vastly to the development of a massive fear psychosis among large sections of Hindus about the `foreign’ Muslims…

The onward march of the RSS was abruptly halted by the impact of the murder of Mahatma Gandhi.

http://www.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2004/aug04/cover8.html

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar’s views on Social Issues

Hindutva Hypocrisy on Family Planning – By Yoginder Sikand (25 Feb 2006, Communalism Combat)

One of the central themes of Hindutva propaganda is the myth that the Muslims refuse to practice family planning as part of an alleged grand conspiracy to swamp the country and convert it into a Muslim- majority state. On the other hand, and this is hardly known, Hindutva ideologues have been consistently exhorting Hindus not to adopt population control measures and to produce as many children as they can. In his book, `The RSS Story’, the BJP Vice-President, the late K.R. Malkani, reveals:

`On the subject of artificial population control, Shri Guruji (Golwalkar, the RSS supremo) felt that there was no need for it’.

Malkani quotes Golwalkar as having further said:

`I for one think that the world is wide enough to house and feed all the children that are brought into it.’

Reactionaries readily read conspiracies into any move that might threaten their vested interests, and Golwalkar went on to discover the ubiquitous foreign hand behind family planning. Thus, he declared:

`Foreign powers are only too eager to see the Indian population cut. They know the strength of numbers and the connection between population and power’.

http://www.sabrang.com/news/2005/yogiHH.htm

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar and Gandhiji’s assasination

Murder of the greatest Hindu (Aug 2004, Communalism Combat)

“On 30th January, 1948 while Bapu was on his way to a prayer meeting three shots were fired at him from a revolver. Bapu fell and died soon after. Nathuram Godse was the man responsible for the murder. He had been a worker of the Rashtriya Swayamsewak Sangh in Poona and also the editor of a paper,” wrote Morarji Desai in his autobiography published in 1974.

The name of the RSS has been associated with the murder of Gandhi ever since the ghastly deed was done, the vehement protestations of the RSS to the contrary notwithstanding. The charge has stuck in spite of the fact that the RSS chief, who had been arrested and put in the dock along with the other accused, had been cleared of the charge at an early stage of the trial. It was recalled by the then vice–president KR Narayanan when he commented that the demolition of Babri Masjid (at Ayodhya) was the most heinous crime after the assassination of Gandhi…

Coming to the substantial part, take what they call Sardar Patel’s testimony, which is a letter that the Sardar had written in reply to the above–mentioned letter by Jawaharlal Nehru. One would like to know why they have not cared to look at another letter, in the same volume, which the Sardar had sent to Dr. SP Mookherjee in reply to his entreaty on behalf of the RSS and the Mahasabha. There is a very significant passage in it which reads:

“As regards the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha, the case relating to Gandhiji’s murder is sub judice and I should not like to say anything about the participation of the two organisations, but our reports do confirm that, as a result of the activities of these two bodies, particularly the former, an atmosphere was created in the country in which such a ghastly tragedy became possible. There is no doubt in my mind that the extreme section of the Hindu Mahasabha was involved in this conspiracy. The activities of the RSS constituted a clear threat to the existence of Government and the State. Our reports show that those activities, despite the ban, have not died down. Indeed, as time has marched on, the RSS circles are becoming more defiant and are indulging in their subversive activities in an increasing measure.”…

The tragic happenings in 1947 again brought them in open, direct confrontation – perhaps more bitter than the earlier one. The language of Golwalkar became extraordinarily strident. He thought the Congress tradition of Gandhi and Nehru was making Hindu society ‘impotent’ and ‘imbecile’. To adequately communicate the quality of Golwalkar’s utterances of that period one has to quote at length because otherwise the reader is likely to doubt the very veracity of the statement, so astounding is the quality of pronouncements. Here is what he says about the policy of communal unity:

“Thus, due to the utter lack of will and conviction on the part of our leaders to face the Muslim intransigence squarely from the standpoint of undiluted nationalism, were sown the seeds of Muslim appeasement. In their phantom chase of achieving new unity and new nationality, our leaders raised the slogan of ‘Hindu–Muslim unity’ and declared that anything that stood in its way should be forgotten. As they dared not tell the Muslim to forget his separatism, they pitched upon the docile Hindu for all their preachings. The first thing they preached was that our nationality could not be called Hindu, that even our land could not be called by its traditional name Hindustan, as that would have offended the Muslim. The name ‘India’ given by the British was accepted. Taking that name, the ‘new nation’ was called the ‘Indian Nation’. And the Hindu was asked to rename himself ‘Indian’.”

Thenceforward he comes to downright obscenity and abuse:

“The exhortation of the leaders did not stop at that. The Hindu was asked to ignore, even submit meekly to the vandalism and atrocities of the Muslims. In effect, he was told: Forget all that the Muslims have done in the past and all that they are now doing to you. If your worshipping in the temple, your taking out gods in procession in the streets irritates the Muslims, then don’t do it. If they carry away your wives and daughters, let them. Do not obstruct them. That would be violence. To cite an instance, in those days, a Hindu girl was abducted by a Muslim in NWFP and the problem was posed before the Central Assembly where our prominent leaders were present. A Muslim Congress leader lightly brushed aside the incident saying: ‘After all boys are boys and girls and girls’. At that insulting remark not one of the Hindu leaders present there raised a voice of protest. None dared to ask why, if it was just a case of boys and girls, it always happened that the Muslim boys kidnapped only Hindu girls and not Muslim girls? On the other hand, they enjoyed it as a piece of humour!

“Whenever the Muslims slaughtered cows to insult Hindu feelings, the Hindus were told that it was the religious right of Muslims and that, being tolerant to other religions, they should not object to it. Although there is not a word of sanction in Quran for cow–slaughter, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had given the Muslims a written assurance that on the advent of swaraj cow–slaughter would not be banned keeping in view their ‘religious sentiments’.

“Once a notable Hindu personality of those days, in a largely attended public meeting, declared: ‘There is no swaraj without Hindu–Muslim unity and the simplest way in which this unity can be achieved is for all Hindus to become Muslims’! He did not even realise that then it would not be Hindu–Muslim unity but only Muslim unity as there would be no Hindus at all!”

http://www.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2004/aug04/cover3.html

[Back to Top]

Gopal Godse: ‘Nathuram did not leave the RSS’ (Aug 2004, Communalism Combat)

One trait that seems common to rabid advocates of Hindutva – be it the demolishers of the Babri Masjid or the murderers of the Mahatma — is lack of remorse at what they do in furthering their cause, despite the sense of shock and anger their act sends across the nation, and beyond. Gopal Godse, younger brother of Nathuram Godse and one of those convicted in the Gandhi murder case, comes across as one such stereotype fundamentalist in this interview he gave Arvind Rajagopal, Frontline, January 1994. Excerpts:

“Were you a part of the RSS?”
All the brothers were in the RSS. Nathuram, Dattatreya, myself and Govind. You can say we grew up in the RSS rather than in our home. It was like a family to us.

“Nathuram stayed in the RSS? He did not leave it?”

Nathuram had become a baudhik karyavah (intellectual worker) in the RSS. He has said in his statement that he left the RSS. He said it because Golwalkar and the RSS were in a lot of trouble after the murder of Gandhi. But he did not leave the RSS.

http://www.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2004/aug04/cover6.html

[Back to Top]

Nailing the RSS – By D R Goyal (Oct 2004, HardNews)

Inside information by former RSS swayamsewak proves that the organisation was directly complicit in planning one of the most heinous assassinations in human history…

Apart from denying his association with Nathuram, the outfit has been using the time-tested technique of all liars. Selective quotations from the correspondence of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel are cited to suggest that the then home minister did not believe that the RSS had committed the crime. Patel’s letter had been addressed to Nehru in February 1948. But in a letter to RSS founder, Dr Shyamaprasad Mookerjee, written in July that year, when more facts were probably unearthed, he squarely blamed the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha, saying, “As…the case relating to Gandhiji’s murder is sub judice I would not like to say anything about the participation of these two organisations, but our reports do confirm that, as a result of the activities of these two bodies, particularly by the former (ie, RSS), an atmosphere was created in the country in which such a ghastly tragedy became possible.”

He went on to write, “The activities of the RSS constituted a clear threat to the existence of the Government and the state.”

Neither this letter nor one from Patel to Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar himself, in which the ban on the RSS was justified, is talked about. Golwalkar was told that the speeches of the RSS men “were full of communal poison. It was not necessary to spread poison in order to enthuse the Hindus and organise for their protection. As a final result of the poison, the country had to suffer the sacrifice of the invaluable life of Gandhiji.” In the same letter, Patel pointed out that popular opposition to the RSS turned serious “when the RSS men expressed joy and distributed sweets after Gandhiji’s death”…

Godse’s strongest claim to innocence is based on the court judgment, which had held only Godse guilty and not any organisation. That was because the Indian Penal Code then in force had no provision for proceeding against organisations spreading hatred. The lacuna was removed in 1972 through an amendment. Therefore, a court judgement based on the old IPC should not be treated as a valid alibi…

My experience is corroborated by the experience of another disillusioned swayamsewak who had written a letter to Sardar Patel after the assassination and which has been referred to by Gandhiji’s private secretary Pyarelal in his book, Mahatma Gandhi: The Last Phase, and quoted by Justice J L Kapoor, who reviewed the case in 1966. In that letter, the swayamsewak had asked “members of the RSS at some places to tune in the radio sets on the fateful Friday for the ‘good news’.”

Pyarelal has also mentioned an aborted attempt at assassination by these people in Poona in order to punish Gandhi for his campaign against untouchability. He said, “Their plans this time were far more systematic and thorough and included such refinements as conditioning the mind of youth for their prospective task by making them wear, as part of their training, photos of Congress leaders like Pandit Nehru and others, besides Gandhiji, inside their shoes, and using the same for target practice with fire-arms etc.”

http://www.hardnewsmedia.com/oct2004/cstory2.php

[Back to Top]

Hey Ram! – By R K Anand (Aug 2004, Communalism Combat)

In his reply dated July 18, 1948 to a letter from Mookherjee, Patel said:

“As regards the RSS and the Hindu Mahasabha, the case relating to Gandhiji’s murder is sub judice and I should not like to say anything about the participation of the two organisations, but our reports do confirm that, as a result of the activities of these two bodies, particularly the former, an atmosphere was created in the country in which such a ghastly tragedy became possible. There is no doubt in my mind that the extreme section of the Hindu Mahasabha was involved in this conspiracy. The activities of the RSS constituted a clear threat to the existence of Government and the State. Our reports show that those activities, despite the ban, have not died down. Indeed, as time has marched on, the RSS circles are becoming more defiant and are indulging in their subversive activities in an increasing measure.”…

Godse’s mentor was Savarkar, even LK Advani admitted that his mentor was Savarkar… Savarkar was implicated for conspiracy in the case leading to the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi. Although he was acquitted, the evidence which was brought to light in the report of the Commission by Justice Kapoor indicated that Savarkar was involved in the conspiracy to murder Mahatma Gandhi…

All the above facts point only to one direction, that there was no difference between the Hindu Mahasabha and RSS. The Hindu Mahasabha had been in politics whereas the RSS was not directly in politics at that time. But the policies, ideologies of both were the same…

Savarkar and Golwalkar shared a number of platforms. Photographs are available showing both of them sharing platforms in Pune in 1952.

All these aforesaid historical facts lead only to one conclusion: that Nathuram Godse and Savarkar were a part and parcel of the RSS; the Hindu Mahasabha and the RSS were inter-linked in policies and ideologies and they were involved in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi.

http://www.sabrang.com/cc/archive/2004/aug04/cover.html

[Back to Top]

Muting history – By Amulya Ganguli (28 Apr 2003, Hindustan Times)

One of Murli Manohar Joshi’s kar sevaks in the academic field has given a laboured explanation as to why he failed to comment on Gandhi’s assassination in his piece on the Mahatma in one of the new saffron textbooks.

Hari Om, a `Professor of History’ and a member of the Indian Council of Historical Research (no less!) has said: “I committed a very serious mistake by not reflecting on the murder of a world leader such as Gandhi…

“At the same time, I would like to point out that this omission was not deliberate. My major problem was the time and space constraint. It was impossible for me to include each and every development in the limited span available to me as one of the authors of Contemporary India. Another problem was the font size.”

So, `time and space constraint’ and `font size’ (!) can persuade a `professor’ to, say, write about the life of Jesus without mentioning crucifixion. Or, if that is too alien an example for the saffron crowd, write about the Ramayan without Sita’s `return’ to Mother Earth. No `professor’ worthy of the title will do so unless he has an insidious objective in mind…

Clearly, Gandhi had no time for Savarkar’s fascistic pitribhu-punyabhu concept which said that only those who are born in India and whose holy sites are in India are true Indians. Instead, the Mahatma articulated the modern ideal of statehood, as enshrined in the Indian Constitution, in which no distinctions are made between citizens on the basis of caste or creed. How different the Mahatma’s views are from the Hindu Rashtra of Golwalkar, Savarkar and Godse…

So Gandhi had to die. And the saffron `historians’ of today have to play dumb when it comes to explaining why.

http://www.countercurrents.org/comm-ganguly28403.htm

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar and the Dalits / Caste System

Golden gloss on khaki knickers – By Ram Puniyani (15 Dec 2000, Milli Gazette)

As far as Ambedkar commenting that Swayamsevaks don’t believe in caste is just a small part of the story. One has to see the Ambedkar and RSS relationship, I mean the lack of it in totality. Ambedkar humiliated by the Brahminical Hinduism vowed that he was born a Hindu but he will not die a Hindu. He went on to burn Manu Smiriti as a symbol of subjugation of Shudras and women. Same time Mr. Golwalkar wrote in praise of Manu as the first ever lawgiver of the human race whose laws are valid eternally. The contrast between Dr. Ambedkar and the present RSS supremo Mr. Sudarshan is something totally revealing. Dr. Ambedkar burnt Manusmriti and went in to be Chairman of the drafting committee of Indian Constitution. Mr. Sudarshan states that Indian constitution should be scrapped and be replaced by the one based on Hindu Holy Scriptures. And the Hindu Holy Scripture, which lays down the laws, is of course Manusmiriti itself.

http://www.milligazette.com/Archives/15-12-2000/Art6.htm

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

What Is This Hindu Rashtra? – By Sitaram Yechuri (12 Aug 2003, Countercurrents)

Golwalkar acclaims Manu as the “first and greatest lawgiver of the world” who “lays down in his code, directing all the peoples of the world to go to Hindusthan to learn their duties at the holy feet of ‘eldest born’ Brahmins of this land.” (Golwalkar, 1939, pp.55-56). Now what does the Manusmriti say? Having firmly established the hereditary division of society into the caste system, the Manusmriti says:

“Serving Brahmins alone is recommended as the best innate activity of a Shudra; for whatever he does other than this bears no fruit for him” (123, Chapter X). “They should give him (Shudra) the leftovers of their food, their old clothes, the spoiled parts of their grain, and their wom-out household utensils” (125, Chapter X)…

The Manusmriti then proceeds to define the outcasts and untouchables who have no place in society at all and defines their menial activities. The intolerant caste structure finds echo in Golwalkar and the Saffron Brigade today because the Manusmriti is also based on an exclusively ‘Aryan’ social organisation…

It is not as though such love for the Manusmriti was confined only to this book by Golwalkar. Much later in his Bunch of Thoughts he said:

“Brahmin is the head, King the hands, Vaishya the thighs and Shudra the feet. This means that the people who have thus, four-fold arrangement, i.e., the Hindu people,is our God”. (Golwalkar,1966, p. 25 ).

It is this understanding that prompted the RSS to oppose the amendments to the Hindu Code Bill after Independence, and it is this understanding that today propels the Saffron Brigade affiliates to reassert the Manusmriti. Witness the aggression at the `Dharam Sansad’ held in December 1992 and the castigating of the present Indian Constitution as “non-Hindu”…

The vision of a social order under the Hindu Rashtra is thus one which legitimizes both the inhuman caste oppression and the denial of elementary rights to women. Under such a dispensation, criminal practices such as Sati may not only be legitimised but may well be glorified. This vision outlined by Golwalkar continues to form the basis for the Saffron Brigade to establish its vision of a Hindu Rashtra. If it today claims not to have republished this book in the 1950s, it has little to do with repudiating this vision. If this was so at all, then it was due more to the defeat of fascism in the Second World War and the liberation of millions from its oppressive yoke. With the Golwalkar-formulated ideal having been smashed, the Saffron Brigade could not propagate it in India. Domestically, following the assassination of Gandhiji, its offensive remarks about the Congress could not have been much of a comfort.

http://www.countercurrents.org/comm-yechuri120803.htm

[Back to Top]

Excerpts from Golwalkar’s ‘Bunch of Thoughts’

On Caste System

…Castes, there were in those ancient times too, continuing for thousands of years of our glorious national life. There is nowhere any instance of its having hampered the progress or disrupted the unity of society. It, in fact, served as a great bond of social cohesion…
If the caste system had really been the root cause of our weakness, then our people should have succumbed to foreign invasion far more easily than those people who had no castes…

We know as a matter of history that our northwestern and northeastern areas, where the influence of Buddhism had disrupted the caste system, fell an easy prey to the onslaughts of Muslims. Gandhar, now called Kandahar, became completely Muslimised. Conversion took a heavy toll in East Bengal also. But the areas of Delhi and Uttar Pradesh, which were considered to be very orthodox and rigid in caste restrictions, remained predominantly Hindu even after remaining as the citadels of Muslim power and fanaticism for a number of centuries. We know that even as late as Shivaji’s time, the so-called ‘low-caste’ also played an epic role in the resurrection of swaraj.

Thus history bears eloquent witness to both sides of the picture. On the one hand, the so-called ‘caste-ridden’ Hindu Society has remained undying and unconquerable and still has the vitality to produce a Ramakrishana, a Vivekanada, a Tilak and a Gandhi after facing for over two thousand years the depredations of Greeks, Shakas, Hunas, Muslims and even Europeans, by one shock of which, on the other hand, the so-called casteless societies crumbled to dust never to rise again.

[Back to Top]

On Indian Muslims and Christians

But the question before us now is, what is the attitude of those people who have been converted to Islam or Christianity? They are born in this land, no doubt. But are they true to their salt? Are they grateful to this land which has brought them up? Do they feel that they are the children of this land and its tradition, and that to serve it is their great good fortune? Do they feel it a duty to serve her? No! Together with the change in their faith, gone is the spirit of love and devotion for the nation.

Nor does it end there. They have also developed a feeling of identification with the enemies of this land. They call themselves ‘Sheikhs’ and ‘Syeds’. Sheikhs and Syeds are certain clans in Arabia. How then did these people come to feel that they are their descendants? That is because they have cut off their ancestral national moorings of this land and mentally merged themselves with the aggressors. They still think that they have come here only to conquer and establish their kingdoms. So we see that it is not merely a case of change of faith, but a change even in national identity. What else is it, if not treason, to join the camp of the enemy leaving their mother-nation in the lurch?…

Mere common residence in a particular territory cannot forge an unified national society with common character and qualities. The newcomers should bring about a total metamorphosis in their life-attitudes and take a rebirth, as it were, in that ancient national lineage…

Mere common residence or birth and growth in our land cannot imply that the same loyalties, qualities and pattern of life exist amongst all its residents.

[Back to Top]

On Religious unity

…call and request to them to understand things properly and come back and identify themselves with their ancestral Hindu way of life in dress, customs, performing marriage ceremonies and funeral rites and such other things. There are some people who claim that they have achieved unity of Hindus, Muslims, Christians and all others on the political and economic plane. But why limit the oneness only there? Why not make it more wide and more comprehensive so as to fuse them all in the Hindu way of life, in our dharma and take them back as lost brothers? To those who speak of unity on the political and economic plane, we say that we stand not only for political and economic unity but also for cultural and religious unity.

[Back to Top]

On Judaism and Christianity

The first Semitic religion was Judaism-an intolerant faith. It was this intolerance that nailed Christ on the Cross. Then came Christianity, the child of the former. That too was equally intolerant. Doubtless Christ was a great saint. But later, what went on in the name of Christ had nothing to do with him. It was no Christianity but only ‘Churchianity’. The saying “There was but one true Christian and he died on the Cross” is true to the letter. The Christians committed all sorts of atrocities on the Jews by giving them the label ‘Killers of Christ’. Hitler is not an exception but a culmination of the 2000-year long oppression of the Jews by the Christians.

[Back to Top]

‘Conversion Subverts Loyalty’

Conversion of Hindus into other religions is nothing but making them succumb to divided loyalty in place of having undivided and absolute loyalty to the nation. It is dangerous to the security of the nation and the country. It is therefore necessary to put a stop to it. Conversion of an individual does not take place after a serious and comparative study of philosophies by him. It is by exploitation of poverty, illiteracy and ignorance, offering of inducements and by deceptive tactics that people are converted. There is no question of a true change of heart involved in this. It is but right that this unjust activity is prohibited. It is a duty we have to discharge towards protecting our brethren in ignorance and poverty.

[Back to Top]

On Indian Christians

So far as the Christians are concerned, to a superficial observer they appear not only quite harmless but as the very embodiment of compassion and love for humanity! Their speeches abound in words like ‘service’ and ‘human salvation’ as though they are specially deputed by the Almighty to uplift humanity! They run schools and colleges, hospitals and orphanages. The people of our country, simple and innocent as they are, are taken in by all these things. But what is the real and ulterior motive of Christians in pouring crores of rupees in all these activities?…

Such is the role of Christian gentlemen residing in our land today, out to demolish not only the religious and social fabric of our life but also to establish political domination in various pockets and if possible all over the land. Such has been, in fact, their role wherever they have stepped-all under the alluring grab of bringing peace and brotherhood to mankind under the angelic wings of Jesus Christ…

[Back to Top]

Golwalkar and the ‘Hindu Rashtra’

Imagining India as Hindu rashtra – By Jyotirmaya Sharma (24 Feb 2006, The Hindu)

…The greatest impediment in the way of “a true vision of the nation,” as Golwalkar chose to put it, was the liberal idea that various communities — and here he means Hindus, Muslims, Christians — were to be considered as parts of a single nation. On the contrary, Indian national life was the ideal of Hindu rashtra. Here, the foremost Sangh ideologue speaks of the Hindu rashtra as an inalienable, eternal, unbroken, and unified identity. He calls it the reality of India, whether people accept it explicitly or not.

To argue otherwise was to lose sight of a clear conception of the nation. What about other communities living within India? Golwalkar is forthright in his exposition: “An unclear imagination of the nation — the impractical idea that whoever comes here and stays will be considered a part of the nation; even today if any alien comes and stays, he is deemed as part of the nation — it is to this level that there is lack of clarity of thought.” While he is acutely aware of this stance being branded racial, communal, and narrow, he exhorts his audience not to be ashamed of the claims of the Hindus…

Golwalkar addressed his last ideological session of the RSS, called chintan baithak in RSS parlance, in Thane from October 28, 1972 to November 3, 1972. The very first words that Golwalkar uttered were: “This is our Hindu rashtra.” He declared the goal of the Sangh as the re-establishment of the glory, excellence and universal authority of the Hindu rashtra. There was a certain definitiveness, even stridency, in his tone. Those who did not believe in the truth of the Hindu rashtra were un-Hindu…

In 1972, this tendency in Golwalkar matures into questioning the very existence of India’s democratic model. In its place, he argued for a Platonistic framework of wise men leading society and determining its affairs. The illiterate of India were incapable of handling democracy, he argued…

The RSS of today, along with members of the Sangh Parivar, will do well to spend the Golwalkar centenary year in dispassionately evaluating his thought and legacy. More importantly, they will have to either own up the ideological vision of Golwalkar, or tell the ordinary people of India of their points of disagreement and departure with their ideological mentor.

http://www.thehindu.com/2006/02/24/stories/2006022402011000.htm

[Back to Top]

‘This is Hindu Rashtra’ (20 Feb 2000, The Hindu)

THE RSS’ stand on several issues is articulated by Mr. Seshadri Chari, Editor of the Sangh’s mouthpiece, The Organiser,in answering some questions:

Does the RSS agree or disagree with the thesis propounded by Savarkar and re-emphasised by Golwalkar that only those who are born here and consider India to be their `janmabhoomi’ and `pitrubhoomi’ (fatherland) as well as their `punyabhoomi’ (holy land) constitute the Indian nation?

Savarkar’s thought as explained in his own works like “Hindutva” cannot be said to have been elaborately analysed by the RSS. In the course of his speeches and writings, Shri Guruji (M. S. Golwalkar) is likely to have found it generally in agreement with his own concept of a Hindu nation. The RSS believes in cultural nationalism. A person who accepts this land as his country and owes unquestioned and primary loyalty to it, owns the basic features of her heritage and culture, imbibes and manifests them in life can be said to be a Hindu national, irrespective of the faith he follows for his spiritual salvation. Many, not born here, have acclaimed this country as their `punyabhoomi’.

http://www.thehindu.com/2000/02/20/stories/0520134b.htm

[Back to Top]

Challenging the pluralist ideal – Editorial (29 Nov 2002, The Hindu)

The Sangh Parivar’s agenda is not just turning India into a theocratic state ultimately. The RSS worldview is based on the definition of nationalism as a cultural notion and at the core of this is the idea of majoritarianism. While the idea of Hindu Rashtra belonged to K.B. Hedgewar, it was M.S. Golwalkar who achieved this paradigm shift in his “We and Our Nationhood Defined” where the Sangh’s goals were defined. The majoritarian agenda, indeed, is wider in its scope than the setting up of a theocratic state. Majoritarianism is the opposite of pluralism. True, Mr. Advani and his colleagues in the BJP have sought to distance themselves within and outside Parliament from Golwalkar’s scheme of nationalism and definition of nationhood. But then majoritarianism has been the most important mobilisation strategy for the BJP ever since its inception in 1980 (and earlier for the Bharatiya Jana Sangh). The Ayodhya campaign, for instance, was the most pronounced manifestation of the majoritarian agenda at work. The idea of putting the “faith” of the majority community above that of the minorities and the mobilisation that finally led to the demolition of the Babri Masjid are clear illustrations of the majoritarian agenda. Mr. Advani himself and his colleagues in the BJP are firmly wedded to this agenda and the assurance on the floor of the Rajya Sabha against any attempt to turn India into a theocratic state is for this reason no cause for rejoicing.

http://www.thehindu.com/2002/11/29/stories/2002112901211000.htm

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Defining the Nation in the Era of Globalisation – By Prabir Purkayastha (12 Oct 2003, Sabrang Alternative News Network)

…The Hindutva view which posits itself as an “opponent” of the west has absorbed the entire format of the west in its construction of a mythical Hindu past. Denying its Dravidian antecedents, Mohanjo Daro and Harappa are Aryanised. The inequity of the caste system, the clashes with Buddhism, the conflicts within Hinduism – Saivites versus Vaishnavites – are all airbrushed out. All intolerance is attributed to Islam while Hinduism – in this view — remains innately tolerant…

The RSS concept of a homogeneous nation is not an original one. It was borrowed, lock stock and Khaki knickers from Europe…
That the RSS nationalism is a derivative of this exclusionary ethnic European nationalism is clear in the way Golwalkar defines the nation…
Both Golwalkar and Savarkar, the other ideologue of Hindutva, were looking at how to build a “modern” nation using religion as an important element. This involved — as a natural corollary to this trajectory of nationalism — the glorification of a Hindu past…

Golwalkar traces his lineage from this definition of narrow European nationalism. His nationhood is defined in terms of five “unities”: geography, race, religion, culture and language. Plurality has no place in such a nation. This is the vision that was the basis of the RSS slogan of “Hindi, Hindu, Hindustan.”

Golwalkar tried to remove the problem of language by claiming Sanskrit as the mother language and therefore declaring that all Indian languages are either derived from Sanskrit or they are not Indian. Urdu, even though it is totally indigenous to the country, became in the eyes of the RSS, foreign and Dravidian languages had to be claimed as derived from Sanskrit. The language riots of the 60’s forced the RSS to give up, at least publicly, that Hindi should be the only national language; the fascination for Sanskrit still remains. The Hindu-Hindustan plank obviously still remains intact…

Once the nation is defined in these narrow terms, the crucial question is what to do with the excluded minorities. Golwalkar’s solution was simple: either accept his homogenous framework of the nation (Murli Joshi’s Ahemediya Hindus, Christiya Hindus) or remain outside, forever subordinated and at the peril of their extinction.

http://www.sabrang.com/news/12oct03.htm

[Back to Top]

Hindutva, not Hinduism – By A G Noorani (March 13 – 26, 2004, Frontline)

Although Advani tries to increase the level of his acceptability as a national leader by defining Hindutva as a way of life, the difference between Hinduism and Hindutva has been well defined long ago by the propounder of the ideology…

Savarkar endorsed the publisher’s understanding in the section entitled “Hindutva is different from Hinduism”. He wrote: “Here it is enough to point out that Hindutva is not identical with what is vaguely indicated by the term Hinduism. By an “ism” it is generally meant a theory or a code more or less based on spiritual or religious dogma or system. But when we attempt to investigate into the essential significance of Hindutva we do not primarily – and certainly not mainly – concern ourselves with any particular theocratic or religious dogma or creed. Had not linguistic usage stood in our way then `Hinduness’ would have certainly been a better word than Hinduism as a near parallel to Hindutva.” … An unbroken ideological thread binds Savarkar, Golwalkar and the BJP.

http://www.flonnet.com/fl2106/stories/20040326005112200.htm

[Back to Top]

Excerpts from Golwalkar’s ‘We or Our Nationhood Defined’

On Minorities

“The foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hindu culture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverence Hindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification of the Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must loose their separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in the country, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing, deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment — not even citizen’s rights. There is, at least, should be, no other course for them to adopt. We are an old nation; let us deal, as old nations ought to and do deal, with the foreign races, who have chosen to live in our country”…

‘Ever since that evil day, when Moslems first landed in Hindusthan, right up to the present moment, the Hindu Nation has been gallantly fighting on to shake off the despoilers. . . . The Race Spirit has been awakening.’

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

On Secular Nationalism

The idea was spread that for the first time the people were going to live a National life, the Nation in the land naturally was composed of all those who happened to reside therein and that all these people were to unite on a common ‘National’ platform and win back ‘freedom’ by ‘Constitutional means’. Wrong notions of democracy strengthened the view and we began to class ourselves with our old invaders and foes under the outlandish name – Indian – and tried to win them over to join hands with us in our struggle. The result of this poison is too well known. We have allowed ourselves to be duped into believing our foes to be our friends and with our hands are undermining true Nationality.

[Back to Top]

On ‘non-Hindus’

All those not belonging to the national, i.e. Hindu race, Religion, Culture and Language, naturally fall out of the pale of real ‘National’ life. We repeat: in Hindusthan, the land of the Hindus, lives and should live the Hindu Nation – satisfying all the five essential requirements of the scientific nation concept of the modern world. Consequently only those movements are truly ‘National’ as aim at re-building, revitalizing and emancipating from its present stupor, the Hindu Nation. Those only are nationalist patriots, who, with the aspiration to glorify the Hindu race and Nation next to their heart, are prompted into activity and strive to achieve that goal. All others are either traitors and enemies to the National cause, or, to take a charitable view, idiots.

[Back to Top]

On Jewish Holocaust

To keep up the purity of the Race and its culture, Germany shocked the world by her (sic) purging the country of the Semitic Races — the Jews. Race pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown how well nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differences going to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a good lesson for us in Hindusthan to learn and profit by.

[Back to Top]

‘Hindus differ by birth’

Some wise men of today tell us that no man is born as Hindu or Muslim or Christian but as a simple human being. This may be true about others. But for a Hindu, he gets the first samskar when he is still in the mother’s womb, and the last when his body is consigned to the flames. There are sixteen samaskars for the Hindu which make him what he is. In fact, we are Hindus even before we emerge from the womb of our mother. We are therefore born as Hindus. About the others, they are born to this world as simple unnamed human beings and later on, either circumcised or baptized, they become Muslims or Christians.

[Back to Top]

On Gandhiji

But here, we had leaders who were, as if, pledged to sap all manliness from their own people. However, this is not a mere accident of history. This leadership only came as a bitter climax of the despicable tribe of so many of our ancestors who during the past twelve hundred years sold their national honour and freedom to foreigners, and joined hands with the inveterate enemies of our country [read Muslims] and our religion in cutting the throats of their own kith and kin to gratify their personal egoism, selfishness and rivalry. No wonder nemesis overtook such a people in the form of such a self-destructive leadership.

[Back to Top]

On Nationalism

They forgot that here was already a full-fledged ancient nation of the Hindus and the various communities which were living in the country were here either as guests, the Jews and Parsis, or as invaders, the Muslims and Christians. They never faced the question how all such heterogeneous groups could be called as children of the soil merely because, by an accident, they happened to reside in a common territory under the rule of a common enemy…

Most of the tragedies and evils that have overtaken our country during the last few decades and are even today corroding our national life are its direct outcome . . . In their phantom chase of achieving new unity and new nationality, our leaders raised the slogan of ‘Hindu-Muslim unity’. . . The first thing they preached was that our nationality could not be called Hindu, that even our land could not be called by its traditional name Hindusthan, as that would have offended the Muslim. The name India’ given by the British was accepted. Taking that name, the ‘new nation’ was called the ‘Indian Nation’. And the Hindu was asked to rename himself as ‘Indian’.

[Back to Top]

Whitewashing Golwalkar – Centenary Celebrations

BJP-RSS set to attend birth centenary celebrations of Guru Golwalkar (24 Feb 2006, WebIndia123.com)

Former Prime Minister and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader Atal Behari Vajpayee will attend the birth centenary celebrations of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh’s second Chief Guru M S Golwalkar here today.

On the first day of the three-day celebrations, the inaugural session of Akhil Bhartiya Pratinidhi Sabha (All India General Council of RSS), the highest policy making body of the Sangh fountainhead, will be attended by Vajpayee along with Rajasthan Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje and Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi and with top members of saffron party, party sources said.

http://news.webindia123.com/news/ar_showdetails.asp?id=602240672&cat=&n_date=20060224

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

RSS to explain its stand on Gandhi killing in docu-drama (13 Feb 2006, Outlook)

…In an apparent bid to improve its image, the Sangh fountainhead has also not included a controversial book penned by its second Chief Guru M S Golwalkar in the collected works being brought out on the occasion of his centenary celebrations…

Asked why the RSS was not including Golwalkar’s controversial book ‘We-Our Nationahood Defined’ in the collected works being brought about by it, he said, “it was written under certain circumstances. He himself had disowned it in 1946”.

The book had hailed Nazi leader Adolf Hitler and made disparaging remarks against the minorities.

“It was not an RSS publication. We will be including Golwalkar’s speeches and writings as RSS Chief”, he said.

http://www.outlookindia.com/pti_news.asp?id=355044

SEE ALSO:

[Back to Top]

Recommended Reading

[Back to Top]

Web Links

[Back to Top]